Locates unqualified Workbook.Worksheets/Sheets/Names member calls that implicitly refer to ActiveWorkbook.

Inspection type: LanguageOpportunities

Default severity: Warning


Implicit references to the active workbook rarely mean to be working with *whatever workbook is currently active*. By explicitly qualifying these member calls with a specific Workbook object, the assumptions are removed, the code is more robust, and will be less likely to throw run-time error 1004 or produce unexpected results when the active workbook isn't the expected one.

This inspection will only run if the Excel library is referenced.


The following quick-fixes are available for this inspection:

  • IgnoreOnce: Adds an '@Ignore annotation to ignore a specific inspection result. Applicable to all inspections whose results can be annotated in a module.
  • IgnoreInModule: Adds an '@IgnoreModule annotation to ignore a inspection results for a specific inspection inside a whole module. Applicable to all inspections whose results can be annotated in a module.


Each example is a self-contained MCVE showing the feature in a single specific scenario.

Standard Module
Named Module1 by default, these are general-purpose standard procedural modules.
Class Module
Named Class1 by default, these modules define the default interface for an object of that type.
Predeclared Class
A class module with its VB_PredeclaredId attribute set to True (with or without a @PredeclaredId annotation).
Interface Module
Abstract interfaces are class modules (with or without an @Interface annotation) whose default interface is not a class type intended to be instantiated.
UserForm Module
A predeclared class with a design-time visual designer using the MSForms UI framework.
Document Module
Owned by the host application, these class modules belong to the host document and may handle various events fired by the host application.

The following code should NOT trigger this inspection:


Private Sub Example(ByVal book As Workbook)
    Dim summarySheet As Worksheet
    Set summarySheet = book.Worksheets("Summary")
End Sub

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